Damascus - An official report of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, OPCW has confirmed that traces of sarin gas used in the Syrian conflict, and that caused the so-called massacre in ghouta, are not compatible with the type of chemical weapons that were in the possession of the Syrian government at the time when the massacre was perpetrated, attributed by many western sources to the Syrian military apparatus and that then was considered as a reason to justify a possible US military intervention against the regime of Assad. The scientific report released by the organization, and based on analyzes carried out on the bodies of the victims of chemical attacks, in fact accredits the Syrian government claims that the cases of use of chemical weapons in the civil war were to be attributed to some of the factions - almost all Islamists - that compose the anti-Assad militias front. The report's findings are also compatible with the recent revelations of Ahmed al-Gaddafi al-Qahsi, cousin of Muammar Gaddafi, according to whom chemical weapons used in Syria were taken to Libya after the fall of the Gaddafi regime and given to anti- Assad groups following their transit through Turkey.
On August 21, 2013, the chemical attack carried out in ghouta, in the south eastern suburbs of Damascus controlled by the rebels, caused a number of victims among the civilians that according to sources range from 281 to 1,729 people.
On June 12, US Deputy National Security Advisor Benjamin Rhodes, in a statement, confirmed that according to the US administration, the Syrian apparatus used chemical weapons in the massacre in ghouta, crossing the "red line" previously outlined by President Barack Obama as the limit beyond which there would be a US-led military intervention against the regime of Assad. In those weeks in the summer 2013, signs of a Western intervention against Syria continued to increase. To avert such a devastating scenario, Pope Francis sent a letter to Russian President Vladimir Putin on the eve of the G20 meeting .
In January 2014, experts from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology , had denied that the chemical attack in ghouta had been carried out by the army of Bashar al-Assad.>>